Harvard University Center for the Environment welcomes its 2012 cohort of Environmental Fellows. These six new fellows join a group of remarkable scholars who are in their second year of the fellowship. Together, the Environmental Fellows at Harvard will form a community of researchers with diverse backgrounds united by intellectual curiosity, top-quality scholarship, and a drive to understand some of the most important environmental challenges facing society.HUCE created the Environmental Fellows program to enable recent doctorate recipients to use and expand Harvard’s extraordinary resources to tackle complex environmental problems. The Environmental Fellows work for two years with Harvard faculty members in any School or department to create new knowledge while also strengthening connections across the University’s academic disciplines.The current fellows represent a range of research interests, including: political science, environmental toxicology, economics, physics, and materials science. Learn more about the 2012 fellows. Read Full Story
Singapore has topped the 2019 Xinhua-Baltic International Shipping Centre Development (ISCD) Index for the sixth year running, the Baltic Exchange said.The index provides an independent ranking of the performance of the world’s largest cities that offer port and shipping business services.Based on objective factors including port throughput and facilities, depth and breadth of professional maritime support services, as well as general business environment, the report is a collaboration between the Chinese state news agency, Xinhua, and international freight benchmark provider, the Baltic Exchange.In the six years since this report has been published, there has been a general rise in the performance of Asian and Middle Eastern locations. The first report in 2014 included three European locations in the top five — in 2019 only London remains.The top five international shipping centers in 2019 are Singapore, Hong Kong, London, Shanghai and Dubai.“Singapore commands a strategic position as a maritime hub in the regional and global arena. The maritime industry is, and will remain, a big contributor to Singapore’s economy and it is therefore important that we continue to innovate and invest in this sector to achieve long-term success,” Lu Su Ling, Head of Baltic Exchange Asia, commented.Based on the evaluation scores, Singapore shows strength in ship management and shipbroking services, while Hong Kong is benefiting from China’s Belt and Road Initiative and economic opportunities in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.London’s first-class services in shipbroking, legal and shipping finance were highlighted. As important cities in emerging economies, Shanghai and Dubai are catching up with London in their level of shipping development and were ranked fourth and fifth respectively.Among the top ten international shipping centers in 2019 are also Rotterdam, Hamburg, New York – New Jersey, Houston and Athens.
Similarly, 30 per cent of people living with HIV are avoiding seeking care and antiretroviral medications are in limited supply. Disruptions in hepatitis screenings, key for detection and treatment, were also reported by a third of the countries. She said the pandemic also interrupted mass drug administration campaigns that are vital to elimination efforts “just as we were making significant progress against neglected tropical diseases, like lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis, and soil-transmitted helminthiases”. “While it is true that because many of us are stuck at home we’re less prone to getting bitten by mosquitoes, the reality is that mosquitoes and the pathogens they transmit are still circulating. And without testing or treatment, severe cases of mosquito-borne diseases could go from easily treatable conditions to death,” Dr. Etienne noted. Speaking at a news conference, the Dominican-born PAHO director said challenges in delivering TB treatments during the pandemic were reported by 80 per cent of the countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, which could turn manageable cases of TB into active infections. Indeed, in October 2019, PAHO’s member states committed to a region-wide approach to the elimination of more than 30 communicable diseases and related conditions in the Americas by 2030. The PAHO Director recalled that preventing and treating infectious diseases was the impetus for creating the Pan American Health Organization nearly 120 years ago and the region remains “at the forefront of the elimination of infectious diseases.” WASHINGTON – The director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Dr. Carissa Etienne, Tuesday warned that the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, which has killed over 390,000 people in the Americas, is threatening regional plans to eliminate and control infectious diseases including tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis and others. Reporting of mosquito borne diseases, like malaria, “is down more than 40 per cent, and there has been an observed reduction in the number of people getting tested. So we know that these data don’t tell the full story,” she said. “In the first two months of 2020 the Americas reported a 139 per cent increase in dengue cases when compared to the same period in 2019. However, since COVID-19 hit our region in March, reported cases of dengue fever have actually fallen.” Dengue and malaria remain a huge burden on health services and, like COVID-19, have a disproportionate impact on poor and vulnerable populations, including indigenous communities, she added. But “the progress to achieving this milestone is now under threat, due to the burden of COVID-19 on health systems, and the disruption of essential services, including priority disease control programs, elimination initiatives and routine immunization,” the PAHO director noted. They also need to protect health workers on the front lines of this pandemic. She said health systems must make it easier for patients to receive care, by “leveraging telemedicine and offering care outside of hospital settings, such as via community outreach programs and at-home visits”. She said that with more than 10.5 million cases of COVID-19 in the Americas and 100,000 new cases being reported every day, “countries can’t delay the fight against COVID-19, but we must not let COVID-19 delay us in completing our unfinished agenda of eliminating and controlling infectious diseases from our region”. “Our doctors, nurses and staff must have the protective equipment, supplies and technologies they need to safely offer care” so patients can continue to receive the medical attention and the medications they need to safely manage their conditions, Dr. Etienne said. CMC